President Donald Trump has told confidants that he wants to impose the harshest tariffs on steel and aluminum imports recommended by the Commerce Department, according to three people familiar with the matter.
Trump has said he wants to slap a global tariff of 24 percent on steel imports, the most severe of three options presented to him in a report in January. He is also considering as much as a 10 percent duty on all aluminum entering the U.S., which would be more than 2.5 percentage points higher than the harshest of Commerce’s recommendations.
The process is ongoing, White House officials said on Friday.
AK Steel Holding Corp. jumped more than 6 percent in late trading, joining a rally among metals producers on the news. Steel Dynamics Inc., Nucor Corp., Alcoa Corp. and Century Aluminum Co. also advanced.
Tariffs on such widely used commodities could spark retaliation from nations including China and allies like Canada, while potentially raising prices on everything from cars to beer cans. Some political analysts and economists have speculated the president would take a targeted approach to the tariffs, and he’s under pressure from members of his own Republican party to refrain from measures that may antagonize other countries and disrupt supply chains.
“As with every decision he makes, the security of the American people and the American economy will be the president’s primary concerns while he considers his potential options,” White House spokesman Raj Shah said in a statement. “President Trump is committed to achieving fair and reciprocal trade relationships that protect the American worker and grow our economy.”
The Commerce Department concluded in a report last month that steel and aluminum imports imperil U.S. national security. Commerce recommended a range of options for the president, including imposing tariffs for certain nations and setting import quotas. Trump has until April 11 to make a decision on steel and April 19 for aluminum.
Trump promised on the campaign trail in 2016 to revive U.S. coal and steel industries, which rallied voters in places like southwest Pennsylvania. A special election on March 13 to fill an open seat in Pennsylvania’s 18th Congressional District is likely to be viewed as a bellwether for the midterm elections in November.
Trump warned Republicans not to be “complacent” during the midterms in a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference on Friday.
He is contemplating an announcement about the tariffs at an event in Pennsylvania days before the special election, according to a person familiar with the matter.
There is resistance even within his own administration. The Commerce Department overnight released a memo from the Defense Department warning about making rash trade decisions. Trump’s economic adviser Gary Cohn and national security adviser H.R. McMaster are against any action, one person familiar with the matter said.
White House aides said there is widespread agreement in the administration that China has systematically engaged in policies intended to destroy the U.S. domestic steel industry. While China accounts for just a small fraction of U.S. imports, it’s accused of flooding the global market and dragging down prices.
Trump may still opt for a more targeted approach, as Defense Secretary
James Mattis has urged. At a meeting with lawmakers earlier this month, Ross himself suggested the president might want to be “surgical” in his application of any tariff or quota.
Cold War Law
The president last year ordered the Commerce Department to probe whether imports of steel and aluminum pose a threat to U.S. national security, invoking the seldom-used Section 232 of the 1962 Trade Act, which allows the president to impose tariffs without congressional approval.
The Commerce report outlines a range of actions, or no action, that the president is entitled to take. For example, the department said Trump could impose a global tariff on all steel imports of at least 24 percent. Alternatively, the president could slap a tariff of at least 53 percent on steel imports from a select number of countries, including China, India and Brazil, while other countries would have their shipments capped at the amount they exported to the U.S. last year. Finally, the report suggested Trump could order a quota on all steel products equal to 63 percent of each country’s 2017 exports.
American allies are some of the biggest sources of its steel purchases. They include the largest supplier, Canada, along with South Korea, Mexico and Germany.